Koekrant no. 20 (1978)
Foremost Amsterdam punk magazine
Gretchen Gestapo & Amarillo (Diana Ozon & Hugo Kaagman) - Koekrant no. 20. Important Dutch punk magazine. Content: Art-o-maat; Poetry; Vampires; Blondie; The Art-o-maat; The Cowpapers in the UK; Olie Buma comic; Johnny Rotten in Jamaica; Speedtwins; Dood aan de hippies / No future; Comic by Bwana 5 and D. Groezel; Punk Opera Lulu Zulu Rock.
Condition: Stamp “ARCHIEF” at the cover. Overall condition: Very good.
Publisher: Koekrant, Amsterdam.
1st Edition. 1st Printing. Published: 1978.
Size: 21.1 x 15.0 cm. Pages: 26. Language: Dutch. Seller inventory: #28221.
Hugo Kaagman and Diana Ozon (a.k.a. Diana Groeneveld) were instrumental in the foundation of several punk magazines in Amsterdam. The most influential of which was KoeCrandt (a.k.a. e.g. Koekrand, Koekrant, KoeCrand, Koekkrant, Coekrant, Coeqrand, Coekrandt, Nieuwe Koekrand), established in 1977, where they operated under the monikers Amarillo and Gretchen Gestapo. The KoeCrandt was created together with Ludwig Wisch, Kristian Kanstadt and Dr. Rat (a.k.a. Ivar Vičs; 1960-1981). Koekrand refers to the revolting crust in a toilet bowl that develops when it is not regularly cleaned. Aptly, one of the places where the KoeCrandt was produced and sold was called Gallery Anus, established by Hugo Kaagman and Diana Ozon in the squat at the Sarphatistraat 62-64, Amsterdam in 1979. They sold punk zines and T-shirts. From April 1978, the squat contained the punk club DDT666. It became a meeting place for punks from all over the country. The gallery was also the base for graffiti artists. Gallery Anus was continued under the name Ozon on January 1, 1980 and from 1981 as Zebra house.
In 1977 the first Art-O-Maat was placed after an idea of Kristian Kanstadt. It was a converted cigarette machine from which, for a fee of 2 guilders, small boxes containing a Koekrant special publication such as comics, drawings, booklets could be bought. In contrast to punks in other places in The Netherlands, but very much like the punks in London, the Amsterdam punks involved with KoeCrandt were reggae fans.
Johan van Leeuwen (1959-2003) published two issues of punk magazine The Toilet in his home town Zwolle, before producing Koekrant 38, 40, 42, 47, 48, 49 and from number 52 onwards continuing the magazine under the Nieuwe Koekrand (New Koekrand). He turned the chaotic concept into a regularly appearing informative magazine and brought the circulation to a thousand copies.
Ref: https://www.groene.nl/artikel/gallerie-anus Accessed May 4, 2020; www.kaagman.nl Accessed May 4, 2020; http://www.diana-ozon.nl/?e=456 Accessed May 4, 2020; JeanetteDekeukeleire & Harry Ruhé (2011) Punk in Holland. God shave the queen (CultClub Productions, Amsterdam); Éric de Chassey (2011) Europunk la culture visuelle punk en Europe [1976-1980] (Drago, Rome) pp. 214, 294.